Job – Chapter 26

Job chapter 26

Job’s Response to Bildad

Beginning by brushing off Bildad’s latest reply as irrelevant, Job then tells his friends that they couldn’t possible know everything about God’s wisdom and that wisdom did not originate with them–the human mind. It comes from God.

Verses 2-4 – With great sarcasm, Job attacked Bildad’s comments because he was unable to turn their knowledge into helpful counsel. Compassion produces greater results than criticism or blame.

Job – Chapter 25

Job chapter 25

Bildad Then Gives Job a Short Answer

Bildad asked a series of rhetorical questions implying negative answers. If God’s heavenly bodies were not pure, how can man claim to be? It is important to note that Bildad, not God, was calling man a worm.

Job – Chapter 24

Job chapter 24

Now Job was complaining that God did not rectify the injustices done to the poor. He was stating that those who rob the widows and orphans were allowed to continue day and night.

Verses 18-20 – Then Job adapts his argument to his friends view; that the wicked’s sudden demise will be their end.

Verses 21-24 – The gain that the wicked gain from preying on the helpless will not protect them against God’s power. Although they feel secure, God is not unaware of their deeds. They will experience short-lived success. Job acknowledges that God can and will judge. It just seems to be delayed.

Job – Chapter 23

Job chapter 23

Job knew if he could just get God’s attention he could make his case before Him. In Job’s examples of the wicked, he knew God could vindicate him, if He chose.

Verses 6, 7 – Job had a fear about a hearing before God. Now he felt his case for innocence would be established, and he would be acquitted of any wrongdoing.

Verse 10 – As dross is removed from gold, leaving a shiny surface, so it would be when God was finished dealing with him. Job would appear as a shinning example of righteousness.

Verses 13, 14 – Job acknowledged that God would finish what He had decided to do in testing Job.

Job – Chapter 22

Job chapter 22

Eliphaz’s Third Speech

Verses 1-12 – Eliphaz tells Job that his righteousness would not fill up a deficiency in God. Eliphaz charged Job with social crimes. He accused Job of insensitivity. Eliphaz implied, even though Job had been powerful and influential, his actions showed he was not concerned about the needy. He said neither did he provide for the widows and orphans.

Verses 12-14 – Eliphaz declared that Job’s view of God was too small and he criticized Job for thinking that God was too far removed to care about him.

Verses 21-30 – Several times Job’s friends showed a partial knowledge of God’s truth and character, but they had trouble applying it to life. Job had complained that he could not get an answer from God when he prayed. Eliphaz told him that if he would submit to God’s discipline, he would be renewed.

Job – Chapter 21

Job chapter 21

Job’s Reply

Job refuted Zophar’s idea that evil people never experience wealth and happiness, pointing out that in reality, wicked people do indeed prosper. God does as he wills to individuals. People can not use their circumstances to measure their own goodness or God’s. Success to Job’s friends was based on outward performance. Success to God, however, is based on the individual’s heart.

Verse 3 – Job’s friends had acted as though they were giving Job consolation, but Job contended they were instead mocking him.

Verse 7 – Job said that his friends statements about short-lived success of the wicked were wrong. Job stated in fact, the wicked often live long prosperous lives in position of power.

Verses 8-13 – Contrary to his friends assertions , Job felt the wicked live out their lives and leave behind children who were also successful and prosperous.

Verses 14, 15 – Job’s view was that the wicked succeed even while rejecting the “All Mighty.” They neither serve Him nor recognize His lordship.

Verse 19 – Job’s rhetorical question implies that despite the wicked person’s acts of evil and flagrant defiance of God, it does not appear that the Lord disciplines them.

Verse 18 – Wind-blown straw and chaff often symbolize judgment. As Job saw it, the wicked often escape judgment while living. Job’s remarks came from his pessimism because of his suffering, and they do not accurately reflect Biblical teaching.

Verse 22 – Although Job was baffled by the reason for his suffering, Job affirmed God’s superior understanding by asking, “Can anyone teach knowledge to God?” The way we respond to our personal sufferings shows our attitude towards God and others even when it is sometimes difficult to see God is in control. We must commit ourselves to Him so we will not resent His timing.

Verse 28 – When Job’s friends spoke of the loss of a noble-mans house and goods, he knew they were talking about him. It was a painful reminder of Job losing his family.

Verses 29-33 – Have you ever asked, “If wicked people can become prosperous, then why should I try so hard to do what’s right?” The truth is : The final settlement of justice will not come in this life, but in the next. What is important is how we view God in prosperity or poverty, not the prosperity or poverty itself!

Job – Chapter 20

Job chapter 20

Zophar’s Second Speech

Zophar’s speech again revealed his false assumption that Job was an evil hypocrite. He believed that although Job had it good for a while, he didn’t live righteously, so God took his wealth and success from him. According to Zophar, Job’s calamities proved his wickedness.

Verses 6, 7 – Although Zophar was wrong in directing his tirade at Job, he was correct in the final outcome of evil people. At first, sin seems enjoyable and attractive. Temporary gain to those who lie, steal, and oppress others, is enjoyable, at first. Some people live a long time, it seems, as though they have gotten away with it. However, in the end, God’s justice will prevail.

What Zophar missed is that judgment doesn’t always come in the lifetime of the sinner. Punishment may be deferred until the last judgment when sinners are permanently cut off from God. This is called, “The Great White Throne Judgment.” Where everyone who has not accepted Jesus Christ will stand before God and be eternally judged.

Verse 16 – Obtaining wealth through illegitimate means was just as fatal as drinking poison or playing with a viper.

Verse 27 – Zophar implies a trial in which the wicked person is accused by everyone before the heavenly court. Job had maintained that his innocence and integrity were on record in heaven. Zophar hinted, that it might be otherwise.

Job – Chapter 19

Job Chapter 19

Job’s Response

Verses 1-5 – It’s far too easy to point out someone else’s sins or faults. Job’s friends had accused him of sin to make him feel guilty instead of correcting or encouraging him. Rather than being helpful, Job’s friends words had added to his grief. If we feel we must admonish someone, we should be sure we are confronting that person because we love them, not because  we are annoyed, inconvenienced, or seeking to blame.

Verse 6 – Job felt that God was treating him as an enemy, when in fact, God was his friend and thought highly of him. Job was pointing at the wrong person. Most Israelite’s believed that both good and evil came from God. They also thought that people were responsible for their own destinies. But the evil power loose in this world is responsible for much of the suffering we experience.

Verse 18 – For children to mock an old man was a serious violation of Israelite social custom.

Verses 21, 22 – Job’s plea for his friends understanding and compassion was based on his belief that he was innocent. God had simply attacked him. With their continued fault-finding, they joined God in His persecution.

Verse 25 – In ancient Israel a redeemer was a family member who  bought a slave’s way back to freedom or who took care of a widow (Ruth 3:12). Even though Job thought that God had brought all of this suffering, he knew he would still see God after death. And although Job struggled with the idea God was presently against him, he firmly believed that in the end God would be on his side. This belief was so strong that Job was one of the first to believe in the resurrection of the body.

Verses 26, 27 – Job’s confidence started to build in this verse. He said, “… in my flesh I will see God.” This was Job’s faith; even after his body lay in the grave and decay, in his flesh, he would see God. Job knew somehow God would perform a miracle. Job once again entertained the hope of a relationship with God and life after death.

Verses 28, 29 – Job tells his friends, for them to falsely accuse him, they have put themselves in front of the sword–God’s judgment.

Job – Chapter 18

Job chapter 18

Bildad rejected Job’s side of the story because it did not fit in with his outlook on life.

Verse 4 – Bildad attempted to correct Job’s perspective. It was not an angry God who was tearing at Job, but Job’s own anger at God. Bildad, in other words said; God was not obligated to empty the earth or move a rock just to satisfy Job’s self-serving demands.

Verse 7 – Bildad thought that the proof of a successful life is to walk without hindrance or stumbling. The wicked person may appear to be walking well, but his own schemes will be his undoing.

Verses 11-13 – Bildad saw signs that the fate of the wicked lay before Job.

Verse 14 – The “king of terrors” is a figure of speech referring to death. Bildad viewed death as the great devour, but the Bible teaches that God has the power to devour even death (Psalm 49:15; Isaiah 25:8; 1 Corinthians 15:54-56).

Verses 17-20 – The wicked person’s family will also disappear, leaving no memory of him. Bildad built upon Job’s own language in describing public reaction to his condition.

Job – Chapter 17

Job chapter 17

Verses 1-10 – Job’s three friends had a reputation for being wise, but Job couldn’t find wisdom in anything they said. These friends assumed that because they were prosperous and successful God must be pleased with the way they were living and thinking. People do that today. They assume because they got by with something, then it must be ok with God. Job however, told them they were wrong because earthly prosperity and success are not proof of faith in God or that God approves. Likewise, trouble and affliction do not prove faithlessness.

Verses 13-16 – Job pictured the  grave as his future home. Job was giving up hope of any future restoration of wealth and family. The rewards his friends described were all related to this present life. They were silent about the possibility of life after death.