Mount Moriah was not only the land David had purchased and where the Lord had appeared to him, but this is where God stopped Abraham from sacrificing Isaac. Solomon was making sure this temple was the best that human hands could design. The care and craftsmanship were acts of worship in themselves. I don’t think we can even imagine how spectacular this temple looked. Solomon felt nothing was too good for Yahweh.
Verse 2 – In verses 17, 18, this same list is repeated. These workers were aliens living in Israel. At this time, Solomon did not force any Israelites to work on his building projects. These stones were quarried in the mountains. By shaping this work off site, the laborers reduced the weight of each block to its minimum, making transportation easier.
Verse 3 – Despite all the material David had already accumulated, Solomon needed more. He also needed expert advice on how to work these materials. So he consulted King Hiram of Tyre. Hiram had been David’s trading partner.
Verse 5 – Solomon let Hiram know that this temple would be the greatest temple ever built because it was for his God who was greater than any other gods.
Verse 6 – In the letter that Solomon sent to Hiram, he told him that Yahweh could not be actually contained, but filled the heavens and the earth.
Verses 8, 9 – Lebanon was a small nation on the seacoast that had some of the finest cedar forests in the ancient Near East. Lebanon imported a great deal of food from Israel so the two kings made a trade agreement that was beneficial to both nations.
Verses 11, 12 – Hiram’s response showed he understood that he was not just dealing with Solomon but with Solomon’s God.
Verse 16 – The Phoenicians were among the early pioneers of seafaring. They were willing to risk the dangerous method of shipping logs as rafts along the Mediterranean Coasts. Then they would be transported over land to Jerusalem.
Verses 17, 18 – These aliens were descendants of the pagan nations who had not been driven out of the land in Joshua’s day.
Verse 1 – Very little is mentioned about Israel, the northern kingdom, because 2 Chronicles was written for Judeans who had returned from captivity in Babylon.
Verses 2-5 – The Tent of Meeting, or tabernacle, that Moses had built centuries earlier (Exodus 35-40) was still in operation, although it had been moved several times. When Solomon became king, it was located in Gibeon. All the furniture for the tabernacle was kept at Gibeon except the ark of God, which David had moved to Jerusalem. The tabernacle of Gibeon however, was still considered Israels main religious center until Solomon built the temple in Jerusalem.
Verse 10 – Solomon has an open invitation from God to ask what he wanted. He is about 20 years old at this time. By asking for wisdom, he will be able to make good decisions based on discernment and judgment. Solomon put the needs of the people first (so it seems) by asking for wisdom instead of riches. Later Solomon wrote, wisdom is more precious than rubies; nothing you desire can compare with her (Proverbs 3:15). That same wisdom is available to us as believers–the same God offers it. First, we ask God, who “gives generously to all without finding fault (James 1:5).” Second, we devote ourselves wholeheartedly to His Word, the source of divine wisdom.
Verses 11, 12 – Because Solomon asked for wisdom, God said he would have that, and the riches, wealth and honor with it. Jesus spoke about priorities also. He said that when we put God first, everything we really need will be given to us as well (Matthew 6:33). When we have a purpose for living and learn to be content with what we have, we will have greater wealth than we could ever accumulate in material things.
Verses 16, 17 – Solomon invested heavily in horses bought from Egypt and chariots as a basis for increasing his own wealth. Although these items are mentioned here as representative of Solomon’s material success, they were also in violation of God’s ordinance. Deuteronomy 17:16, 17–Verse 16–“But he shall not multiply horses for himself, nor cause the people to return to Egypt to multiply horses, for the Lord has said to you,’You shall not return that way again.’ Verse 17–Neither shall he multiply wives for himself, lest his heart turn away; nor shall he greatly multiply silver and gold for himself.” (Ut-O, wrong on all 3 of these) We can ask for wisdom in any area of our lives, but if we don’t use that wisdom that is given and go against God’s principles, it will always come with consequences we don’t like or want. I don’t believe we should have to tell a believer over and over again, to read the Word of God. In this day and age people want instant success and gratification without the discipline of finding out what God says about the matter. When we make God’s Word a number 1 priority in our lives, everything else will fall into place.
The book of Second Chronicles parallels First and Second Kings but ignores Israel because of its false worship and refusal to acknowledge the temple in Jerusalem. The temple and temple worship, is central throughout the book, benefits a nation whose worship of God is central to its very survival.
The Book of Second Chronicles provides histories of the end of the united kingdom (Solomon) and the kingdom of Judah. Chronicles is a divine editorial on the spiritual characteristics of the Davidic dynasty. This is why it focuses on the southern rather than the northern kingdom. Most of the kings realize that apart from the true mission of a covenant nation, failing to call others to Yahweh, Judah had no calling on her own. Only what is done in accordance with God’s will has any lasting value.
Verse 1 – It is possible to become obsessed with a church building and neglect the people of God. But neglecting the building where God’s people gather is also wrong. Every church building can be a visible witness for God. It should be inviting to all.
verses 3-5 – David acknowledged that all he had, came from God. It all belonged to Him. We may not have David’s wealth, but we can develop a willingness to give. God isn’t interested so much in the material substance we contribute, as He is in our devotion to Him, of which our offering is an expression.
Verses 6-9 – This attitude of willingness to give is described by Paul in 2 Corinthians 9:7: “Each man should give what he has decided in his heart, not reluctantly or under compulsion, for God loves a cheerful giver.” We give generously because we are thankful of what God has done.
Verses 14-17 – David focuses on some important truths. It’s impossible to out-give God. The things we give is simply giving it back to God because He owns everything anyway. God knows who is giving willingly and who is giving to be seen by others.
Verse 25 – Solomon’s wealth surpassed any king before him, and after. David’s legacy resulted from his relationship with the Lord. Any money or power we leave to our children are far less valuable than the spiritual legacy we pass on to them.
Verse 30 – Few men or women in the Bible were as close to God as David was. His daily contact with God increased his capacity to worship and strengthen his desire to build God’s temple. By looking at David’s life, we see how important it is to stay connected to God. If we don’t, our lives can deteriorate (spiritually, mentally, and socially) when we fail to stay well grounded in God.
Verse 1 – The last two chapters of 1 Chronicles present the transition from David to Solomon as King of Israel. There is no mention of Adonijah’s conspiracy or the rest of David’s family (1 Kings 1;2). Instead the focus is positive–Gods plans for Israel and His promise to David’s descendants.
Verses 4-6 – David knew he was king only because God had willed, and by the same sovereign will God had now chosen Solomon as successor. The Kingdom of Israel belonged to the Lord. Israel’s king, then was God’s deputy, commissioned to carry out God’s will for the nation. Therefore, God could choose the person He wanted without following customary lines of succession. David was not Saul’s heir, and Solomon was not David’s oldest son.
Verse 7 – Having been called by the Lord to be king, Solomon must demonstrate his divine calling by keeping God’s commands and ordinances.
Verse 8 – For the first time since God had given the promise to Abraham (Genesis 15:8), Israel was living in the entire territory that God had set aside for them. With a faithful king sitting on the throne, this state of affairs could last forever if they kept all of God’s commands.
Verse 9 – David reminded Solomon, “The Lord searches the heart…Nothing can be hidden from God.” David told Solomon to be completely open with God because He knows the motives behind the actions.
Verse 10 – For hundreds of years sacrifices had been permitted anywhere in the country under the direction of many different priests. With the coming temple, sacrifices would be restricted to Jerusalem only and priests who had been specifically designated for that purpose.
Verse 20 – David advised Solomon not to be frightened about the size of his task. Sometimes fear can immobilize us. But if the Lord be with us, who can be against us.
Verse 1 – The most important category of classification here is that there were 12 divisions composed of 24,000 soldiers each. Each of those units was on duty for one month out of the year during times of peace. During times of war, obviously everyone would be mobile.
Verses 5, 6 – Benaiah was the most honored of the thirty (11:22), and he was in charge of the Philistine mercenaries (18:17).
Verse 17 – One person was in charge of the tribe of Levi at large, but the descendants of Aaron-the priests-were represented separately by Zadok.
Verse 24 – The book of the annals of King David was a historical document kept in the royal archives with other officials records. It no longer exists. See 1 Kings 14:19.
Verses 33, 34 – When Absalom rebelled against David, Ahithophel betrayed David and joined the rebellion. Hushai pretended loyalty to Absalom, and his advice caused Absalom’s downfall. Ahithophel ended his life with suicide (2 Samuel 17:23).
Verse 1 – There were 4,000 gatekeepers (23:4, 5). They were all Levites.
Verses 4-8 – Obed-edom was a gatekeeper by profession, though he joined the musicians during the transport of the ark to Jerusalem
Verse 12 – The service of the gatekeepers was just as significant as the duties of those who led worship.
Verses 14, 15 – The selection of leaders for each gate was made in context of family membership. Both son and father were placed in command of their gates.
Verse 16 – The Shallecheth was the gate designed for disposal of refuse and materials left over from animal sacrifices.
Verses 17, 18 – Obviously the storehouses needed protection, and guards were also installed outside the temple grounds, specifically on the road leading to the temple.
Verses 26, 27 – Even though all these arrangements were being made, there was still no temple. A large portion of the money that was given was from the plunder from the battles David had fought. Even the soldiers gave their portion as dedication to God.
Verse 29 – One other group of Levites needed to be organized were the officers and judges who would enforce the divine law in Israel.
Verse 32 – The tribes on the eastern side of the Jordan River were the Reubenites, Gadites, and half of Manasseh. They were already becoming isolated from the rest of Israel. Only at the very end of his reign was David able to provide a suitable teacher for these more remote tribes.