1 Chronicles – Chapter 7

1 Chronicles chapter 7

Verses 1-5 – The tribe of Issachar is mentioned primarily for the number of soldiers it supplied and its meticulous genealogies.

Verse 14 – Manasseh’s wife was Aramean, another Gentile who was included in the lines of descent.

Verse 15 – Zelophehad had five daughters who asked Moses to give them their inheritance in the land. Moses granted their request. This event set a precedent that woman could inherit property, something that most surrounding cultures did not allow.

Verses 20-29 – Ephraim was one of the leading tribes, a consistent rival to Judah.

Verses 30-40 – A descendant of Asher was the prophetess Anna. She praised God in the temple for the birth of Jesus.




1 Chronicles – Chapter 6

1 Chronicles chapter 6

Verse 1 – The tribe of Levi was set apart to serve God in the tabernacle (Numbers 3;4), and later the temple (1 Chronicles 23-26). Aaron, Levi’s descendant, became Israel’s first high priest. God required all future priests to be descendants of Aaron.

Verses 3-4 – The descendants who are mentioned here were priests. Nadab and Abihu lost their lives when they violated the sanctity of their duties, so Eleazar became Aaron’s true successor, followed by Phinehas.

Verses 5-15 – This lists of priests is not complete. It doesn’t mention Eli, the priest who raised Samuel (1 Samuel 1:3).

Verse 28 – When Samuel became God’s leader and spokesman, Israel was on the verge of ruin. The last few chapters of Judges shows the moral decay and the declining nation. But with God, Samuel almost single-handedly brought the nation from ruin to revival.

Verse 31 – David did much to bring music into worship. He established song-leaders and choirs to perform regularly at the temple.

Verses 33-47 – There are three main musicians. Heman (Psalm 88), Asaph (Psalms 50;73-83), and Ethan (also called Jeduthun; Psalm 89). These three men represented the three branches of the sons of Levi, coming from Kohath, Gershom, and Merari. Heman was a descendant of Kohath, but not through Aaron, so he wasn’t eligible for the priesthood..

Verse 49 – Aaron and his descendants strictly followed the details of worship commanded by God through Moses. Notice what happened to Uzzah when important details in handling the ark of the covenant were neglected (13:6-10). God’s Word has authority over every aspect of our loves, not just selected portions.

Verse 54 – The tribe of Levi were not given a specific area of land as the other tribes were. Instead, the Levites were to live throughout the land in order to aid the people of every tribe in their worship of God. Thus the Levites were given towns or pastureland within the allotted areas of the other tribes (Joshua 13:14,33).

Verse 57 – God had told the tribes to designate specific cities to be cities of refuge (Numbers 35). The instructions may have seemed unimportant at the time because Israel hadn’t even entered the promised land yet. Sometimes God gives us instructions that don’t seem relevant at that moment, but later  on it becomes clear. His plan is always perfect because He knows the end from the beginning.

Verse 61 – Casting lots was like drawing straws or throwing dice. Lots were cast only after seeking God’s guidance in prayer.

1 Chronicles – Chapter 5

1 Chronicles chapter 5

Verses 1-5 – The tribes that settled on the eastern side of the Jordan River (Reuben, Gad, and half of Manasseh) had asked for the land from Moses after they helped Joshua conquer the land on the river’s western side. Reuben lost the honor of the firstborn, a double portion of inheritance, when he defiled his father’s bed with one of Jacob’s concubines Bilha.

Verses 9, 10 – Reuben’s earlier successes had allowed this tribe to stretch all the way to the Euphrates River and to defeat the Hagrites. These were the Ishmaelites, the descendants of Hagar.

Verses 18-22 – The armies of Reuben, Gad and Manasseh succeeded in battle because they trusted God. Although they had instinct and skill as soldiers, they prayed and sought God’s direction. When we trust in our own cleverness, skill, and strength rather than in God, we open the door for pride. Psalm 20:7 says, “Some trust in chariots and some in horses, but we trust in the name of the Lord our God.”

Verse 22 – The exile mentioned here refers to the exile of the ten northern tribes to Assyria in 722 B.C. These tribes never returned to their homeland (2 Kings 15:29-17:41).

Verse 23 – There was no tribe of Joseph. Instead, Joseph’s sons became the ancestors of two separate tribes, Ephraim and Manasseh. The tribe of Manasseh occupied territory on both sides of the Jordan River.

Verse 25 – Even though this part of the tribe of Manasseh contained some outstanding people, they deviated from God and adopted the idolatry of the nations around them.

Verse 26 – This passage leaves no doubt that this happened because of their idolatry.

1 Chronicles – Chapter 4

1 Chronicles cahpter 4

Verses 9, 10 – Jabez acknowledged God as the true God, center of his life. In his prayer, he asked God to bless him, enlarge his territory, and to keep him from evil and to not cause pain. Jabez must have been very special for the writer of Chronicles to stop in the middle of the descendants of Judah and give recognition to Jabez. Jabez knew his name meant pain, but he became a blessing. There is evil all around us today, so we must not forget to pray for the loving protection of our heavenly Father. We also should ask God to protect our thoughts and actions that will come from those same thoughts.

Verse 13 – Othniel was Israels first Judge. He reformed the nation and brought peace to the land (Judges 1:9-15 and 3:5-14).

Verse 15 – Caleb is the spy in Numbers 13 who, along with Joshua, trusted God.

Verses 17, 18 – Once again a Gentile is part of the line, this time a daughter of a Pharaoh named Bithiah.

Verses 21-23 – Shelah was Judah’s third son. His older brothers Er and Onan had been killed, and he should have become the husband of Tamar, but Judah prevented this. Shelah’s descendants distinguished themselves as craftsmen.

Verses 24-37 – Because Simeon was violent and cruel, his father Jacob predicted that his tribe would be dispersed in the land (Genesis 49:7). Despite numerous offspring, particularly from Shimei, the tribe as a whole remained undistinguished.

1 Chronicles – Chapter 3

1 Chronicles chapter 3

The Genealogy of the sons of David

Verse 1 – This chapter completes the line of Judah. David’s sons are divided into two groups–those born in Hebron where David was king for seven years and those who were born in Jerusalem, David’s capital for 33 years. Amon, the firstborn, raped his sister Tamar and was eventually killed by Absalom (2 Samuel 13).

Verse 2 – Absalom revolted against David and lost his life in the process (2 Samuel 15-18). Adonijah survived David’s death, but then was killed in the struggle with Solomon over the throne (1 Kings 1-2).

Verse 5 – Solomon carried the house of David forward.

Verses 10-16 – The significance of these verses is that David’s descendants retained the throne over Judah.

Verse 17 – The line continues after the Babylon exile, even though there was not an official king of Judah from that point on.

Verse 19 – Zerubbabel was the leader when they returned from the exile. Under other circumstances, he would have been king.

1 Chronicles – Chapter 2

1 Chronicles chapter 2

Verses 1-3 – Scripture teaches that the way we live today will determine how we will be remembered by others. What we do “now” does matter.

Jacob’s sons are listed as to the order in which they were born. Reuben was the firstborn and the oldest but forfeited this privilege because he defiled his father’s bed. Joseph was the first son born to Jacobs favorite wife. Then we see in verse 3, God’s grace in action as He selects the line that would lead to the kings and ultimately to the Messiah. All three of Judah’s first sons had a Canaanite mother.

Verse 4 – After Judah’s first two sons were killed, he had two more sons by his daughter-in-law Tamar, another Canaanite woman.

Verse 7 – Achar is called Achan in Joshua 7. This is the man who kept for himself some of the plunder that was devoted to the Lord for destruction.

Verses 10-12 –  Ram’s line of descent connect through Boaz to Jesse, the father of David. Boaz was Ruth’s husband and an ancestor of both David and Jesus. (Boaze’s story is found in the book of Ruth.)

Verses 13-17 – In these verses, the names of David’s brother’s and two older sisters are given. David’s greatest desire was to serve and worship God. He was by no means perfect, but God called him in the book of Acts 13:22 “a man after my own heart.”

1 Chronicles – Chapter 1

1 Chronicles chapter 1

Verse 1 – These lists of Adam’s descendants, demonstrate God is not only interested in a nation but the individual as well. Each of us is more than a name on a list; we are special persons whom God knows, remembers, and loves. This list reconstructed the family tree for both Judah, the southern kingdom, and Israel, the northern kingdom, and served as proof for those who claimed to be Abraham’s descendants. This long genealogy is important for us today because it supports the Old Testament promise that Jesus the Messiah would be a descendant of Abraham and David.

Verses 2-4 – Each of these men, Adam and Noah, had a son early in life, but they lived many centuries afterwards. Enoch never actually died but was taken to heaven (Genesis 5:24). Methuselah lived the longest with a total age of 969 years; he died after 1,650 years since the birth of Adam. This is also the year in which Noah’s flood occurred.

Verse 5 – Japheth’s offspring moved to a more northern region than those of his brothers.

Verses 8-15 – Many of Ham’s sons lent their names to various nations, several of which became the chief opponents of Israel in the promised land.

Verse 11 – These descends are where the Philistines came from.

Verse 13 – Canaan was the ancestor of the Canaanites who inhabited the promise land before the Israelites entered under Joshua’s leadership.

Verse 17 – The line of Shem was the most important one for the Chronicles because it includes Abraham.

Verse 19 – ‘The earth was divided’ refers to when the earth was divided by different languages. Two son’s were born to Eber, Peleg and Joktan. “Peleg” means “division.” This is the time the Tower of Babel was built. The people became proud and gathered to build a monument to themselves. God stopped the building by causing the people to speak different languages. They could no longer communicate with one another. God showed them their greatest efforts were useless. If we allow pride to enter into any of our accomplishments, we will think we no longer need God.

Verse 28 – Although Isaac is mentioned in this verse, we are still a long way off from the line that will eventually lead up to Judah. Ishmael and his sons came first.

Verse 32 – Abraham waited an entire century to have a son with Sarah. Then after Sarah’s death Keturah gave Abraham many more sons.

Verse 34 – Israel is another name for Jacob because Jacob’s 12 sons became the nation of Israel. Esau’s descendants became the nation of Edom, a constant enemy of Israel.

Verse 36 – Amalek, Esau’s grandson, was the son of his father’s concubine (Genesis 36:12). He was the ancestor of the wicked tribe known as Amalekites, the first people to attack the Israelites on their way to the promise land.

Verses 43-54 – It was through Esau’s marriages to pagan women that the nation of Edom began. The nations were not part of the direct lineage of King David, and thus of the Messiah.

1 Chronicles – Introduction

1 Chronicles chapter 1


The books of First and Second Chronicles cover the same period of Jewish history described in Second Samuel through Second Kings, but the perspective is different.

While Second Samuel and First and Second Kings give a political history of Israel and Judah, First and Second Chronicles present a religious history of the Davidic dynasty of Judah.

The Book of First Chronicles begins with the royal line of David and then traces the spiritual significance of David’s righteous reign.

2 Kings, ends with both Israel and Judah in captivity. In the writing of these two books, (which originally were one book) the northern kingdom is ignored. David’s triumphs, not his sins, are recalled, and the temple is given center stage as to what is vital to the nation.

First Chronicles begins with Adam, and for nine chapters, the writer gives a “Who’s Who” of Israel’s history with special attention given to David’s royal line.

Author: Although the text does not identify the author, several facts seem to support the tradition in the Jewish Talmud that Ezra the priest was the author. The content points to a priestly authorship because of the emphasis on the temple, the priesthood, and the theocratic line of David in the southern kingdom of Judah.