2 Samuel – Chapter 18

2 Samuel chapter 18

Verse 1 – David took command as he had in his former days.
Verse 5 – The text makes it clear that David gave specific instructions about Absalom’s treatment, and it emphasizes that all the people heard the king’s orders.
Verse 11 – Joab once again decided to take matters into his own hands for what he believed to be the kings own good.
Verses 12-14 – This man had caught Joab in his hypocrisy. Joab could not answer, but only dismissed him.
Verse 19 – Ahimaaz had been David’s trusted messenger throughout the ordeal. May be he wanted to reach David first to break the news of Absalom’s death gently.
Verse 20 – Sometimes a solitary runner indicated good news and two runners together indicated bad news.
Verse 27 – David’s recognition of Ahimaaz brought the king hope that all is well.
Verses 32, 33 – David’s victory of winning the Kingdome back came with a heavy price of losing his son, Absalom. The gate chamber over the gate provided isolation for David though others could hear the sound of his wailing. Perhaps this is what we call today, “Bitter sweet.” On one side is victory but on the other, sadness over what was lost.

2 Samuel – Chapter 17

2 Samuel chapter 17

Verse 3 – Ahithophel thought if David could be killed quickly, all the people would accept Absalom’s kingship.
Verse 6 – Hushai had to convince Absalom to delay in pressing the attack against David.
Verse 11 – Hushai flattered Absalom and it became his own trap. Hushai predicted great glory for Absalom if he personally led the entire army against David. “Pride goes before destruction” (Proverbs 16:18) is an appropriate comment on Absalom’s ambitions. Hushai’s proposal was much more extensive and time consuming, giving David, and his forces time to regroup.
Verse 14 – The Lord guided the fateful discussion to answer David’s prayer (15:31).
Verse 15 – Now that he knew Absalom’s strategy, Hushai moved quickly to relay the information to Zadok and Abiathar (15:27-29).
Verse 19 – The woman scattered grain to make it look like the cover had not been recently disturbed.
Verse 23 – Ahithophel knew that since his advice had not been followed, David would regain the throne. In addition, when David was reestablished, Ahithophel would be considered a traitor. Thus, he committed suicide.
Verse 25 – Joab and Amasa were David’s nephews and Absalom’s cousins. Because Joab had left Jerusalem with David (see 18:5), Amasa took his place as commander of Israel’s troops.
Verse 27 – Machir had cared for Mephibosheth before David brought Mephibosheth to his palace (9:4).
Verse 28, 29 – These provisions restored the bodies and spirits of the kings group. These provisions came from other people that the Lord directed. The Lord through other people sends your blessings and provisions.

2 Samuel – Chapter 16

2 Samuel chapter 16

Verses 3, 4 – Should our first response be to believe someone when they tell you something about someone else? Saul was Mephibosheth’s grandfather. Most likely Ziba was lying, hoping to receive a reward from David. David believed Ziba’s charge against Mephibosheth without checking into it or even being skeptical. Don’t be hasty to accept someone’s condemnation of another, especially when the accuser may profit from others downfall.

Verses 5-14 – Maintaining your composure in the face of unjustified criticism can be a trying experience and an emotional drain, but if you can’t stop criticism, it is best to ignore it. If you are in the right, God will vindicate you.

Verse 21 – By Absalom placing a tent on top of the house, all of Israel could see what he was doing. “In the sight of all Israel” fulfilled God’s word to David through the prophet Nathan (12:11).

2 Samuel – Chapter 15

2 Samuel chapter 15

Verse 1 – By gathering chariots, horses, and men, Absalom was positioning himself to win the hearts of the people.

Verse 2 – The city gate was the place where business transactions took place.

Verse 3 – Absalom falsely sympathized with the people’s grievances to gain their trust.

Verses 5, 6 – Absalom prevented people from bowing to him, and greeted them with a kiss instead. Maybe this was to show they were equal with him.

Verse 7 – Three out of four Bibles that I use says after “40” years. One says “4” years, so I believe it was actually 40 long years that Absalom taunted and plotted against his father, David. Perhaps God gave Absalom 40 years to change.

Verse 9 – Absalom went to Hebron because it was his hometown (3:2, 3). Hebron was David’s first capital as well and there Absalom could expect to find loyal friends who would be proud of him.

Verse 14 – Is this the same David that slew Goliath? It takes courage to fight but it also takes courage to swallow pride and protect the innocent. If David had stayed and fought Absalom both could have possibly been killed. David didn’t want a great battle to take place in Jerusalem and it end up destroyed.

Verse 16 – This verse says that David intended to return because he left 10 concubines to keep his house.

Verses 17-21 – David had many loyal non-Israelites in his army. David’s integrity still garnered respect.

Verses 24-26 – The priest and Levites were also loyal to David. David determined that the ark of God properly belonged in Jerusalem, God’s city. It would be up to God either to restore David to his throne in Jerusalem or not. The king was content to leave the matter in God’s hands.

Verse 27 – David created a spy network that included Zadok, Abiathar, and their respective sons Ahimaaz and Jonathan.

Verse 29 – Absalom would probably assume that Zadok and Abiathar had stopped supporting David.

Verse 32 – Hushai would end up being the answer to David’s prayer.

Verse 37 – Hushai and Absalom arrived in Jerusalem at the same time.

2 Samuel – Chapter 14

2Samuel chapter 14

Verses 1-3 – Joab devised a plan that would help heal the family and let David focus more on matters of the kingdom. Tekoa was seven miles southwest of Jerusalem. Joab thought it was far enough away that David wouldn’t recognize anyone from there.

Verses 7, 8 – If the town people attempted to execute the brother who had killed his brother, the heir to this woman’s family would be cut off from any inheritance. David assured this woman he would protect her son.

Verse 11 – The law provided a way to avenge murder. Numbers 35:9-12, records how cities of refuge protected people from revenge and how blood avengers were to pursue murderers. This woman was asking for the king’s protection against any claim against her.

Verse 13 – This woman drew a parallel between her situation and David’s.

Verse 14 – The woman also appealed to God’s grace and mercy with trying to restore the one banished.

Verses 18-21 – David suspected the woman had collaborated with a member of the royal family. When the woman confessed, David recognized Joab’s ploy.

Verse 24 – David gave Absalom permission to return to his own house but he didn’t want to see him. In other words, “Absalom, you can come home, but don’t come around here or the rest of your family.” This decision infuriated Absalom.

Deceit of Absalom

Verses 25-28 – Scripture gives a detailed description of Absalom’s appearance. He was very handsome, may have been what we would call today “striking.” His hair was cut every year, weighing five pounds. He gave the appearance of a leader. Absalom named his daughter Tamar after his sister. Perhaps to remind the people of what Amnon did to Tamar. This would make him feel justified in killing his brother. Can you imagine living in the same area for two years and never being able to see your father, the king? Anger was about to turn into rage.

Verse 30 – Absalom sent for Joab twice, but he didn’t come. What do immature spoiled children do when they are being ignored? They usually act up or do something bad to get attention, right? Absalom was going to take matters into his own hands as he did when he killed his brother. Therefore, he set Joab’s fields on fire to get his attention.

Verses 31-33 – Absalom got his way. Joab came to see him. Then went back to David and asked if Absalom could come to the king. Here’s where the real problem lies: David only made half-hearted efforts to correct his children. He didn’t punish Amnon for raping his sister Tamar or deal with Absalom for killing Amnon. When we ignore sin, we experience greater pain than if we had dealt with it immediately.

2 Samuel – Chapter 13

2 Samuel chapter 13

Verse 1 – David had several wives by this time. Both Absalom and Tamar had Maacah as their mother. Amon’s mother was Ahinoam. Therefore, Tamar was Amon’s half sister. It doesn’t matter, it was still wrong for Amon to lust after her.

Verse 2 – Amon was frustrated because he knew he couldn’t take Tamar as his wife.

Verse 5 – Jonadab devised a plan in which Amon could be with Tamar. Manipulation is clear in this situation.

Verse 11 – Sleep with me is literally “lie with me.”

Verse 12 – Three times Tamar urged her brother not to violate her. This was a serious sin (Deuteronomy 22:25-29). This crime would bring shame to both.

Verse 15 – When scripture say’s that Amon hated her afterwards was proof that his feelings for her had been only lust. Here’s the difference; love is patient; love is kind; and love does not demand its own way. Lust requires immediate satisfaction; is harsh; lust demands its own way. Lust results in self-disgust and hatred of the other person.

Verse 16 – Rape was strictly forbidden (Deuteronomy 22:28, 29). By sending Tamar away as Amon did, made it look like to the servants, that Tamar had been the aggressor. Amon’s actions destroyed her chances of marriage because she was no longer a virgin.

Verse 20 – Absalom tried to comfort Tamar and persuade her not to turn this into a public scandal. A desolate woman would be one who would never marry and had no means of support.

Verse 21 – David was furious, but apparently did nothing. He knew he couldn’t force the tow to marry because it was against Moses law.

Verse 22 – Absalom didn’t say anything to Amon because he was plotting revenge.

Verses 23-39 – Two years was a long time to wait on revenge but Absalom knew the opportunity would come and it did. Amon was next in line to be king (1 Chronicles 3:1). After Absalom had Amon killed, he fled to Geshur. David wanted Absalom to come back but he never sent word for him to do so.

2 Samuel – Chapter 12


Verses 1-6 – As a prophet, Nathan was required to confront sin, even the sin of a king. It took confidence and wisdom to make David aware of his wrong actions. This was years later, and by then David had become so insensitive to his own sins that he didn’t realize he was the villain in Nathan’s story. The qualities we condemn in others are often our own character flaws.

Verses 7, 8 – God was speaking directly through Nathan. God told David that He had given him everything he could desire. In addition, if that had not been enough, He would have given him much more. We are not to become ungrateful, insolent, and insensitive to others after God has filled us to the brim with blessings. I’ve seen people receive exactly what they had been praying for, and then stop seeking God entirely. If we neglect the things of God in the little things, it won’t be long before we don’t acknowledge Him or His people at all.

Verses 9-14 – David had showed no regard to the Word of the Lord by his actions. Despise is a very strong word. Despise is another word for hate – total disregard for a person or object.

The predictions in these verses were true; (1)murder became a constant threat in his family; (2) his household rebelled against him; (3) his wives were given to another in public view (16:20-23); and (4) his first child with Bathsheba died.

During this time, David wrote Psalm 51, giving insight into his character and offering us hope as well. There is forgiveness for us. David wrote Psalm 32 to express the joy he felt after he was forgiven. Sometimes when God forgives us and restores us, all the consequences of our wrongdoing are not eliminated.

Verses 20-24 – David did not continue to dwell on his sin and neither should we. Later on, even the name of Solomon (Jedidiah, “loved by the Lord”; 12:25) was a reminder of God’s grace.

Verse 24 – Solomon was the fourth son of David and Bathsheba (1 Chronicles 3:5).

Verses 26-31 – During this time, Joab was still fighting and leading the armies of Israel, but he told David if he didn’t come, and lead and overtake this city, Joab would take the credit and name it after himself. In other words, “David get up and get going and get back to doing what you’re supposed to be doing.” Therefore, David gathered the people and returned to battle. He took the people of these cities and put them to work for his kingdom and then David returned to Jerusalem.

2 Samuel – Chapter 11

chapter 11david and bathsheba

This next chapter starts a dire set of consequences from one bad decision after another that David made.

Verse 1 – Spring was a good time to go to war because the roads were dry, making travel easier for troop movements, supply wagons, and chariots. This siege against Ammon put an end to their power. From this time on, the Ammonites were subject to Israel. The first wrong decision David made was staying in Jerusalem while his army went to battle. This first act started a snowball of bad choices. Bad decision 1) David had abandon his purpose of clearing out Israel’s enemies by staying home. (2) David focused on his own desires instead of Israel’s as a whole. (3) When temptation came, he indulged instead of fleeing. (4) He sinned deliberately (11:4). (5) He tried to cover up his sin by deceiving others (11:6-15). (6) He committed murder as the cover up continued (11:15, 17). David’s sin didn’t just involve himself, it reached many others. James 1:14, 15, states that when sin becomes full blown it will destroy resulting in death. The deeper the mess we get in, the less likely we are to admit having caused it.

Verse 3, 4 – At the root of most temptations is a real need or desire that we’re not willing to trust God to fill. Most people want what they want “right now.” Maturity comes when we are willing to wait on God’s timing through God’s wisdom.

Verses 6-13 – I wonder if David had that sickening feeling in the pit of his stomach, when he found out Bathsheba was pregnant. I don’t imagine David’s army would have felt too proud of their king if they knew that while they were out fighting for Israel, David was home committing adultery. So instead of dealing with what he had done, David concocts a plan to make Uriah sleep with his own wife Bathsheba. The only way to deal with sin is to confront it head on – admit, and repent. The consequences won’t just go away by themselves.

Verse 15 – Now David gets Joab, the leader of his army, involved. Joab didn’t know why Uriah had to die, but it was obvious David wanted him killed.

Verse 25 – David’s response to Uriah’s death seems flippant and insensitive. David had become callous to his own sin. Feelings are not reliable guides for determining right and wrong. Deliberate repeated sin, will make one dull and insensitive to God’s way. Reasoning with what you are doing or what you did, will make you hard-hearted toward the things of God.