The story of David begins in First Samuel 16 and ends in First Kings 2. Second Samuel records the major events of David’s forty-year rule. His reign in Hebron begins in 1011 B.C. and ends in 1004 B.C. (5:5). His thirty-three year reign over the united Judah and Israel lasts from 1004 B.C. to 971 B.C.
In spite of David’s sins, he remains a man after God’s own heart because of his responsive and faithful attitude toward God. David becomes the standard by which all subsequent kings are measured. Unlike most kings who succeeded him, he never allows idolatry to become a problem during his reign. He is a true servant of Yahweh, obedient to His law.
2 Samuel Chapter 1
Verses 1-12 – When Saul died, David and his men were still living in Ziklag where Saul had driven him. David and his men were visible shaken over Saul’s death. Their actions showed their genuine sorrow over the loss of their king. They were not ashamed to grieve.
Verse 13 – This man that shows up identified himself as an Amalekite from Saul’s camp (1:2). More than likely, he was a battlefield scavenger. This man was lying both about his identity and about what happened on the battlefield. Because he had Saul’s crown with him, something the Philistines wouldn’t have left behind, we can believe that he found Saul dead on the battle field before the Philistines arrived (1 Samuel 31:8). The man had lied to gain some personal reward for killing David’s rival, but he misread David’s character. David had the messenger killed. Lying can bring disaster upon the liar, even for something he or she has not done, but only lied about.
The Amalekites were nomads and conducted frequent surprise raids on Canaanite villages. They had been Israelites enemies since Moses time. David had just destroyed an Amalekites band of raiders who had burned his city and kidnapped its women and children (1 Samuel 30:1-20).
Verses 15, 16 – Why did David consider it a crime to kill the king, even though Saul was his enemy? David believed and knew that God anointed Saul and only God could remove him from office. It was God’s job, not David’s to judge Saul’s sins (Leviticus 19:18).
Verses 17, 18 – Music played an important part in Israel’s’ history. David was a talented musician. He played the harp, he brought music into the worship services of the temple (1 Chronicles 25), and he wrote many of the Psalms. Here we are told he wrote a lament in memory of Saul and his son Jonathan, David’s closest friend.
Verses 17-27 – David had every reason to hate Saul, but he chose not to. Instead, he chose to look at the good Saul had done and to ignore the times when Saul had attacked him.
Verse 26 – This statement that David made, “More wonderful than that of a woman,” was simply restating the deep brotherhood and faithful friendship he had with Jonathan.